From Anaesthesia

Syndicate content
Wiley Online Library : Anaesthesia
Updated: 37 min 49 sec ago

Effect of prophylactic placement of internal iliac artery balloon catheters on outcomes of women with placenta accreta: an impact study

12. April 2017 - 6:20

We performed an impact study on the introduction of routine placement of internal iliac artery balloon catheters for the management of haemorrhage during caesarean section in women with placenta accreta. We identified 11 women, with prenatally diagnosed placenta accreta/increta/percreta before this change in practice, who acted as controls, and 30 women who had iliac artery balloons placed. The balloons were inflated in 27 cases. The median (IQR [range]) intra-operative blood loss was 1100 (800–2600 [500–6000]) ml in controls, compared with 1000 (600–2513 [400–15000]) ml in women with iliac artery balloons (p = 0.64). Six (54%) controls received intra-operative blood transfusion compared with 14 (47%) women with iliac artery balloons (p = 0.66). Caesarean hysterectomy was performed in 3 (27.3%) controls and 13 (43.3%) women with iliac artery balloons (p = 0.48). Balloon catheter insertion was associated with a shortened postoperative hospital stay, 6 (5–7 [4–12] days in controls vs. 5 (4–6 [3–10]) in the iliac artery balloon group (p = 0.033). General anaesthesia was used in six (54%) controls, but all women with iliac artery balloons. This study demonstrates that prophylactic balloon occlusion of the internal iliac arteries did not reduce intra-operative haemorrhage or caesarean hysterectomy in women with placenta accreta undergoing caesarean section. In addition, it has a significant impact on the choice of anaesthetic technique.

Categories: From Anaesthesia

Pain-related unscheduled contact with healthcare services after outpatient surgery

10. April 2017 - 12:21

This prospective, observational study explored the need for pain-related unscheduled contact with healthcare services after outpatient surgery. We hypothesised that 10% of outpatients would have pain-related unscheduled contact with healthcare services, and that the incidence would differ depending on the type of surgical procedure. In total, 905 patients who had undergone one of five common outpatient surgical procedures (knee or shoulder arthroscopy, surgical correction of hallux valgus, laparoscopic cholecystectomy or laparoscopic gynaecological procedures) completed an electronic questionnaire one week and eight weeks after surgery. Data from 732 patients (81%) were available for analysis. Within the first eight weeks after surgery, 150 patients (20.5%) had made unscheduled contact with healthcare professionals, in 247 cases due to pain that was most frequent in the first postoperative week. Risk factors were female sex, unemployment and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The most frequent healthcare contact was with the general practitioner (46.4%), and the most frequent outcome was further information and guidance (41.2%). We have demonstrated that a minority of patients still needed to make contact with health services after outpatient surgery, most often due to inadequate pain management. This finding should be considered when planning postoperative monitoring and care, and developing postoperative patient education.

Categories: From Anaesthesia